July 18, 2017

Afghan girls show their skills at global robotics contest

The all-girl Afghan team were initially denied entry to the US for the competition

Photo credit: FIRST Global

The teenagers - who had been denied visas to enter the US - showed the value of girls' education by competing against high school students from around the world.

Huddled around a small table in the halls of a cavernous Washington concert hall, a group of Afghan teenage girls tweak gears and sprockets on their radio-controlled robot, hoping to beat the competition.

But the six proud nerds from war-torn Afghanistan's western province of Herat almost didn't make it to the American capital for the chance to battle other high school students from around the world.

Twice denied US visas until a late intervention by President Donald Trump's administration, they are now hoping to set an example for girls in their ultra-conservative country.

Even in a venue crowded with hundreds of teens, the Afghans were difficult to miss yesterday in their bright blue T-shirts paired with white hijabs - and trailed wherever they go by a throng of journalists.

"Robotics is a field that is part of my life. I'm so happy to be here and participate against the other teams," 15-year-old Lida Azizi told AFP, adding she was a "bit nervous" about taking part in her first competition.

"I'm happy to come and represent Afghanistan," chimed in 14-year-old Fatema Qaderyan. 

The plight of the Afghan team had made headlines around the world after it appeared to underscore the negative consequences of stricter visa policies for Muslim countries under Trump.

The US leader recently succeeded in passing a limited version of a long-touted travel ban - temporarily barring visitors from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen without a "bona fide" US connection and all refugees - pending a hearing by the Supreme Court. 

Afghanistan was not on the list - but critics contended the frequency of such refusals undermined the administration's pledge to empower women. A team from Gambia was also temporarily barred.

Eventually, however, all 163 teams - including those from Iran, Sudan and a team of Syrian refugees - were granted visas.

Team Afghanistan has been the focus of much attention

Photo credit: FIRST Global

Yesterday teams from around the world jostled into Washington's historic DAR Constitution Hall, excited to test their skills on laser-lit stages as a sportscaster provided live commentary.

Between rounds, some traded tips and tricks on modifications to make the most of their kit-built devices.

The competition tests multiple skill sets - programming the machines, adjusting the hardware to manoeuvre more efficiently, and dexterity in controlling the devices while under time pressure.

Alireza Mehraban, the Afghan team "mentor", explained his team was selected from a tough school competition featuring 150 students. The group was cut to a shortlist of 20 before the final six were picked.

And unlike their counterparts from wealthier countries, the Afghans had unique problems they had to contend with, such as a lack of some basic equipment.

"We up-cycled material and used trash," said Mehraban, explaining how the team created a simple suction device using a Coca-Cola bottle.

They also lacked match preparation, added Roya Mahboob, an Afghan tech entrepreneur who helped organise the visit. 

"When they built their robot, they had to ship it straight to the US so they didn't have the opportunity to really play and practise."

With two "drivers" and a tactician overseeing the action, the Afghans narrowly prevailed in their first round in a timed match against a rival team that involved scooping up scoring balls and placing them in bins while avoiding penalty balls.

But the result was less significant than its symbolism for a country that ranks a dismal 152 out of 155 nations in the global Gender Inequality Index despite moderate gains among the urban middle classes.

"Fifteen years ago, Afghan women couldn't read and write and they didn't have any rights," said Mahboob. 

"And today with the help of the international community, we have a lot of women going to school, going to university - they are becoming ministers." 

Mahboob predicted the girls' efforts at the Washington event, which also runs today, would "have a big positive message for the Afghan community."

"We are the same as the boys and they should give us the same opportunity. If you give access to education and technology it doesn't matter what your gender is," she said.

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