Spiralling cost of formal childcare is forcing parents across the world to quit their jobs or drop out of higher education
A global poll reveals a fifth of parents are being forced to quit their jobs or drop their studies to avoid rocketing childcare costs
More than three-quarters of parents are having to make major financial changes – such as taking on more work and spending less on food – to pay for childcare
Almost two-fifths of parents spend between 30% and 70% of their income on childcare costs
One in five parents around the world have had to quit a job or drop out of education to avoid the soaring cost of childcare, a major global poll has found.
The survey by Hall + Partners for global children’s charity Theirworld, polled more than 7,000 parents and carers with children under school age across the UK, US, the Netherlands, India, Brazil, Turkey and Nigeria.
The findings reveal a global early years crisis in which children across the world are being deprived of education and care in their most formative years due to the spiralling cost of nursery and pre-school fees.
Two-third of parents – 64% – say they struggle to pay their childcare fees, leading to one in five – 21% – quitting their job or dropping out of education to avoid the expense of putting their child or children into nursery or pre-school.
The poll shows that 76% of parents have had to make major financial changes to their lives to fund childcare, such as taking on more work and spending less on food.
Almost two-fifths of parents spend between 30% and 70% of their income on childcare costs, the research found.
Sarah Brown, Chair of Theirworld, said the findings of the Act For Early Years report “laid bare the scale of the global early years crisis and its impact on children in rich and poor countries alike”.
The charity’s Act For Early Years campaign is calling on governments to urgently prioritise spending on the early years – not least because of the profound effect early years care can have on children and their families. Scientific research shows that 90% of a child’s brain is developed by the age of five.
Experts say the early years is also when deep societal inequality sets in.
Children from more prosperous, educated backgrounds tend to begin primary school ready to learn, but more than 40% of children in low- and middle-income countries – almost 250 million children – are at risk of not attaining their full development potential due to poverty, inadequate nutrition, exposure to stress and a lack of early stimulation and learning.
Sarah Brown said: “For a child, the first five to six years are a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity, but this is being squandered on a global scale.
“Providing for children in their early years must be treated as a public good, not a private test of a family’s financial strength. Parents around the world should no longer be reduced to hoping for the best, crossing their fingers that the inadequate care they are often forced to use isn’t a risk to their child’s safety or their future prospects in life.
“We need to see a revolution for the early years that brings together governments, businesses, international agencies, parents, frontline workers, civil society, youth campaigners and grassroots groups to improve the lives of the world’s youngest children.
“The early momentum is there. Around the world, community groups are already organising for change. We know that early years childcare is as essential to a country’s infrastructure as roads, hospitals and telecommunications.”
Justin van Fleet, President of Theirworld, called for every child to be given a “comprehensive package of care and education” for their first five years of life and that this should include “adequate nutrition, the opportunity to be stimulated through play and protection for their health”.
“Eight years ago, world leaders set a target that by 2030 every girl and boy should have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education,” he said.
“But this target is off track and there is no recognised plan in place to achieve it. Chronic underfunding means that more than half of all children around the world don’t have access to the childcare they need, and around half of pre-primary aged children are not enrolled in any form of early education.
“Radical change is needed in how we provide for children and their families. It needs to become a global priority, with not just proper investment but bright ideas and bold policy making across the board. Only then will we give all children the start in life they deserve.”
CASE STUDY: “I’m close to burnout”
Elvira Grob, 41, and her partner, Michael, spend £975 a month on three days of childcare for their 10-month-old daughter, Yoomi. A lecturer in design on a zero hours contract, Elvira, who is also retraining and studying for a degree, returned to work two days a week when Yoomi was six months, but has been forced to take on extra freelance work to make ends meet.
“I’m close to burnout,” she says. “I work in the evenings, I work when Yoomi sleeps, and I work at weekends. My income covers Yoomi’s childcare but I have rent to pay, and I also have to pay for my studies. It’s got to a point where I’m considering dropping my degree to help us pay our bills.”
Elvira says that despite the high cost of childcare, she and Michael would not want to give up their daughter’s place at nursery to save money,
“She loves it there,” she says. “It’s so good for her development. I feel like she’s learned so much in such a short space of time. She’s learning to socialise with other children and gets so much entertainment. We wouldn’t be able to give her that all the time at home with all the work we have to do. The staff are skilled and clearly love their work, while Yoomi gets lots of nutritious meals and snacks.”
“What’s almost as bad is if the decision was taken out of our hands like if we were forced to move if our rent went up. Demand is so high there’s no guarantee that we would even be able to find a new nursery in a different area.”
If Elvira could send a message to the UK Government, it would be this: “Ministers need to realise how families are structured today. Most don’t live in communities, with family members nearby anymore. We’re very much alone like many of our friends. The Government needs to consider that reality, and make childcare work for working families.”
Notes to Editors
For more information, please contact: Nicole Martin, Head of Media and Partnerships Communications, [email protected]
The findings are based on market research conducted by Theirworld, in partnership with Hall & Partners. A survey was carried out among 7,226 respondents from UK, Brazil, India, Netherlands, Turkey and US, all of whom are parents of children aged 0-7, or childcare professionals.