April 12, 2019

Theirworld and UNICEF call for action now to get all children in pre-primary education

The spending on early childhood education is only 26 cents per child per year in the poorest countries

Photo credit: UNICEF

Ewan Watt

Online Editor, Theirworld

The importance of early learning for the world's youngest and most disadvantaged children was emphasised at a joint event.

Action is needed urgently to help more than 175 million of the world's youngest and most disadvantaged children get access to crucial pre-primary education.

That was the message from Theirworld and UNICEF as they called on countries and international donors to increase and prioritise their spending on early childhood education.

"It's not that people don't care. Every single donor and every organisation cares - but the commitments have to add up," said Theirworld President Justin van Fleet at an event hosted by the children's charity, UNICEF and the Global Business Coalition for Education in Washington, DC, yesterday .

Theirworld and the UN children's agency have both released reports on early childhood education in the past few days. Both highlighted the urgency and action needed to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals target of early childhood education for all by 2030.

The 175 million missing out on pre-primary opportunities continue to be a blind spot for domestic and international financing. In low-income countries, the picture is much bleaker - with only one in five young children enrolled in pre-primary classes.

Take Action

Tell Donors To Stop Leaving The Youngest Behind

The first few years of a child’s life will shape the rest of their lives. But aid to early childhood education is declining. It's time to #WriteTheWrong and tell donors to stop leaving the youngest behind.

#WriteTheWrong

That is despite evidence that 90% of a child's brain development happens before the age of five. The severe lack of investment in early childhood education is putting millions of children at a disadvantage before they even start school. 

At the event - titled #WriteTheWrong because #EarlyMoments Matter - van Fleet outlined some of the major findings from Theirworld's report Leaving The Youngest Behind

He said: "We found that from 2015 to 2017, the money is decreasing. Since the international community got together and said we want every child to have an early childhood education, we've decreased collectively our spending by 27%.

"When you look at what that means, it adds up to 26 cents per child per year in the poorest countries. During the same period, aid to education dramatically increased - but within that we are not prioritising at the same rate the youngest children.

"We'd have a healthier, wealthier and kinder world if every child had pre-primary education."

Pre-primary education gives young children the foundations they need to move into school and beyond

Photo credit: UNICEF / Tingting

UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore talked about the agency's report A World Ready To Learn. She said: "Early childhood education is extremely important in a life - and maybe the world forgot it a bit. We have to pick it up again and we have to restart the interest.

"175 million children are missing out on it. So as a world we have to stand up and try to change this.

"It's of crucial importance and it's solvable. It's changeable in every country in the world."

Theirworld’s #WriteTheWrong campaign will mobilise over 1,000 youth campaigners, the business community and the public to draw greater attention to early education.

So it was fitting that the Washington event also heard from Vibhu Sharma, a young disability rights campaigner and inclusion researcher for Theirworld.

She said: "Children with disabilities should be mainstreamed. They should be taught with non-disabled children.

"We have social barriers and stigma to overcome. It would sensitise other children to those with disabilities. Do it from the beginning so that children with disabilities have opportunities. Inclusion cannot wait."

The Theirworld report

Title: Leaving the Youngest Behind

Produced in collaboration with the Research for Equitable Access and Learning (REAL) Centre at the Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge.

The report reveals that - despite pledging to help some of the world's youngest and most vulnerable children - the international community has cut the funding and prioritisation of early childhood education.

It shows that 16 of the top 25 donors to global education aid gave nothing or reduced their previous spending on pre-primary education. 

Between 2015 and 2017, aid spent on early childhood education declined by 27%, from $94.8 million to $68.8 million. That equates to just 26 US cents per child per year in the world’s poorest countries. 

How pre-primary education is missing out on education aid - from Theirworld's report

Children in conflict-affected countries are even worse off, with only 17 cents per child per year directed to early childhood education.

The United States, Sweden, Netherlands and Austria did not report any investment in early childhood education aid in 2017. The United Kingdom and Australia invested just 0.5%, and 0.2% of their education aid in the youngest children respectively, in contrast to the internationally-recognised 10% target.

While the World Bank is the largest donor to early childhood education, its overall funding has decreased. UNICEF, while smaller in size, dedicated more than 8% of its education spending to early childhood education, leading on the Theirworld report's scorecard.

The report urges all donor countries and international institutions to make early childhood education a specific policy priority within their international development strategies and direct a minimum of 10% of their education budgets to early childhood education.

Report

Leaving the Youngest Behind

Around the world rich and poor countries are failing to deliver on the promises made to the world’s youngest children, risking their development and future life chances.

The UNICEF report

Title: A World Ready to Learn

UNICEF’s first ever global report on pre-primary education reveals that children enrolled in at least one year of pre-primary education are: 

  • More likely to develop the critical skills they need to succeed in school
  • Less likely to repeat grades or drop out of school
  • More able to contribute to peaceful and prosperous societies and economies when they reach adulthood

In countries where more children attend pre-primary programmes, significantly more children complete primary school and attain minimum competencies in both reading and math by the time they finish primary school.

The report notes that household wealth, mothers’ education level and geographical location are among the key determinants for pre-primary attendance. However, poverty is the single largest determining factor. 

Across 64 countries, the poorest children are seven times less likely than children from the wealthiest families to attend early childhood education programmes.

More than two-thirds of pre-primary-age children living in 33 countries affected by conflict or disaster are not enrolled in early childhood education programmes. Yet, these are the children for whom pre-primary education has some of the greatest benefits.

In 2017 an average of 6.6% of domestic education budgets globally were dedicated to pre-primary education, with nearly 40% of countries with data allocating less than 2% of their education budgets to this sub-sector.

Theirworld’s work on early childhood development is supported by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation.

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